We will select representative positions to analyze because it may not be necessary to analyze all jobs and there may be too many similar jobs to analyze. Standard means minimum acceptable qualities or results or performance or rewards regarding a particular job. It developed by Mc Cormick, Jeanneret, and Mecham (1972), is a structured instrument of job analysis to measure job characteristics and relate them to human characteristics. Job analysis has been defined as “the process of determining by observing and study the tasks, which comprise the job; the methods and equipments used, and the skills and attitudes required for successful performance of the job.”. Equipment may include protective clothing. In this technique the workers are asked to maintain and keep daily records or list of activities they are doing on that day. (a) Objectives of job evaluation (i) In basic terms, job evaluation is a process of comparing jobs with one another. By reducing inequalities, job evaluation techniques provide a relatively … The main discrepancies between managers and workers exist in their different perceptions of ‘workplace autonomy’ and ‘level of required skills’. Evaluation is a continuous and a dynamic process. Job information can be used as a standard when discipline is being considered for standard performance. “The aim of the majority of systems of job evaluation is to establish, on an agreed logical basis, the relative value of different jobs in a plant/industry.” Objectives of Job Evaluation: (i) To determine equitable wage differentials between different jobs in the organisation. The ranking is provided to the job on the basis of this comparison. To identify the strengths and weaknesses of employees to place right men on right job. Those who are not able to run the race could be picked up for special coaching and counseling. The latest thinkers of management have given a new thought of TQM. A comprehensive JA programme is an essential ingredient of sound personnel management. Job analysis is used as a foundation for job evaluation. It determines the demands of the job in terms of responsibilities and duties and then translates these demands into skills, qualities and other human attributes. Share Your PPT File, Job Analysis: Intro, Meaning, Process and Methods, Job Analysis and Total Quality Management (TQM). It helps in administering the training development programmes. Direct observation is particularly useful in jobs that consist primarily of observable physical activity like draftsman, mechanics, etc. Controversies often result, and a written record of the standard job description is valuable in resolving such disputes. In a larger organization, it is more complex to use, but sometimes it can still work if jobs are grouped by job families—professional level, etc. It is helpful in organisation planning, for it defines labour needs in concrete terms and co-ordinates the activities of the workforce, and clearly divides duties and responsibilities. Technological advancements and competition may compel an organization to put more stress on features of successful performance rather than on standard job duties, tasks etc. Purposes. A job was that what it requires does not change; it is designed to be immutable and unchanging, irrespective of the various incumbents performing them. (3) Improvement in the job is becoming a part of the job. This part of information includes specific operations and tasks to be performed by the typical worker including their relative timing and importance, their simplicity, routine or complexity, the responsibility for others, etc. Reducing Monotony of the Job: The first and foremost objective of job rotation is to reduce the monotony and repetitiveness involved in a job. (c) From outside observers specially appointed to watch employees performing a job. Most information can be taken by human resource manager with the help of job analysis. (ii) To eliminate wage inequities. Sometimes, special job reviewing committees are also established. Basically, a company will set up a … The relationship of a job with other jobs in a concern; v. Kind of qualifications required for a particular job; vi. Being able to rank the positions within a company based on their contributions toward your goal is one of the easiest job … Instead of concentrating on a single job, the same employee may be asked to handle different jobs with more or less similar job duties and responsibilities. Job Analysis is a term used by the human resource managers for the process of collecting information related to job contents compared tasks performed on the job with knowledge, skills and abilities of the jobholders (Schuman, et al, 1994). Know the Concept of Performance Appraisal, PA is the process of obtaining, analyzing and recording information about the relative worth of an employee. Evaluation helps in forming the following decisions. Each job has certain ability requirements (as well as certain rewards) associated with it. (a) Industrial engineering activity, which is concerned with operational analysis, motion study, work simplification methods and improvement in the place of work and its measurement, and aims at improving efficiency, reducing unit labour costs, and establishing the production standard which the employee is expected to meet; and. Employee Training and Management Development: Job analysis provides the necessary information to the management of training and development programmes. WHAT IS JOB EVALUATION? In this way it helps in maintaining the discipline in the industry. These items need to be specified in job analysis. Traditional job analysis is always job focused — that is, on the KSAs (knowledge, skills and abilities) required to perform specific jobs — and examines the linkages among those jobs. It has many uses in the management of personnel. 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